Breaking Down The 5 Different Types of Alcoholics

This group tends to begin drinking at an early age (around 19) and also develops an alcohol dependence early (around 24). This group has comparatively low rates of co-occurring mental health conditions and moderate rates of other substance abuse disorders and family members with alcoholism. Many have been diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder and other mental illnesses, including major depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, social phobias and panic disorder. The majority smoke, and many use other drugs, including marijuana, cocaine and opioids. Based upon family history of alcohol abuse, age at initiation of use, patterns of personal use/abuse, and the cooccurrence of substance abuse and mental disorders, researchers have identified several distinct alcoholic subtypes.

  • Unfortunately, less than 10% of those adults with negative drinking patterns or who were alcohol-dependent received professional support for different stages of alcoholism in 2015.
  • Each community has a so-called temperance board that enforces social sanctions for alcohol abuse (e.g., imposes fines) and orders and supervises alcoholism treatment.
  • Most are smokers, and 20 to 25 percent have also used cocaine and marijuana.
  • People who suffer from antisocial personality disorder also typically struggle with poor impulse control, which may then make them more vulnerable to participate in risky and problematic drinking, and other self-destructive behaviors.

In my opinion, categorizing cider as a type of wine is confusing; therefore, I will be adding it under its own category. Distillation is done using massive stills that slowly boil the alcohol out of the water (alcohol has a lower boiling temperature than water, so it evaporates quicker) and collect it elsewhere. For example, within a fermented brew, water, alcohol, and some trace minerals give the liquid its flavor. By separating the alcohol from the water, the alcohol will become much more concentrated. Although fermentation produces the presence of alcohol, it can only get us so far.

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Throughout this article, we will explore alcohol from a bartender’s perspective. We will take a look at what alcohol actually is, how it is made, and explore all of the different categories. This type of yeast rises to the top of the tank during fermentation, giving the alcohol an aromatic 5 types of alcoholics flavor profile. One serving of pale lager (like a Pilsner) typically has 4–6% ABV and around 150 calories. All grapes are the same light color inside, so any grape can be used to make white wine. Some spirits are created and manufactured in East Asia using a different process.

different types of alcoholics

These new types help scientists and healthcare specialists create more appropriate prescriptions to treat this deadly disease. The third of the five different types of alcoholics accounts for approximately 19% of those who have a dependency on alcohol in the U.S. By contrast; these tend to be adults who are working and who are usually in their mid-years. They often do not consider drinking to be a problem and are often in denial. It is sometimes hard for families to realize that one is a functioning alcoholic. Although you may suspect that you or someone you love may need help with alcohol use disorder, you might not think you need a treatment program to reduce drinking.

Wine: Fermented Grapes and Beyond

Of all subtypes, the functional subtype is the least likely to have legal problems; they are the least likely to report problems due to their drinking. They have the highest education levels and incomes of all types of alcoholics. These are people that may seem to have their lives together; they may be the ones that others look up to. However, while they are “functional” in a sense, they are still suffering from addiction. Less than 20% of this subgroup has sought help, and most do so from a 12-Step program or a private health care professional. While approximately 15 million American adults suffer from alcohol use disorder, fewer than 1 in 10 typically seek treatment for addiction.

On top of alcohol abuse, many people in this category abuse tobacco, marijuana, cocaine, or opiates. Researchers found that more people in this type reach out for help for their alcohol dependence than any other type. Nearly two thirds of chronic severe alcoholics seek out rehabilitation for their dependence.